Tempera, also named egg tempera, was a painting technique that succeeded the encaustic water coloring method, only to be substituted by oil painting.
Its name is derived from the Latin word temperature, denoting ' proportional mixing.'
Unlike oil paint which employs oil or encaustic coats, which encompasses beeswax to muddle the color tinctures, egg tempera utilizes a mixture of water and egg yolks besides a trivial glue or honey.
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Distinguishing characteristic of egg tempera paint
Tempera is normally smeared onto a primed surface. Wood plate canvases, for example, were organized with covers of plaster to form a suave surface.
The tempera was then smeared and built up gently in a sequence of thin, crystal clear layers.
Unlike oil splatter, tempera is not smeared heavily and thus lacks the unfathomable pigmentations of oils.
Nevertheless, tempera watercolors are very long-lasting, and shades do not wane over time, unlike oil shades which have a habit of blackening or bleach with age.
It dries up promptly, and once dry, it yields a suave lusterless finish.
Tempera watercolor modus operandi appears to have originated in Vintage.
Unluckily, due to the delicate nature of the medium, as well as the unavoidable plundering, only a few examples of Conventional Greek canvas in tempera have survived. Conversely, copious works in tempera have been chronicled in Egyptian sculpture.
Egg Tempera was also a common medium in Roman Graphic art painted on a globular wooden panel.
Egg tempera account
Following Rome's downfall in the West and the commencement of the Dark Eternities, the attention moved to Constantinople, in the Eastern Roman Empire, where the tempera technique superseded the archaic encaustic as the primary medium for portrait painting, as well as splattering illuminated manuscripts.
This painting technique later spread to Kiev, where it becomes an important system of Russian benighted painting.
What is the binder used in tempera paint?
Like any other paint, Tempera paints a fast drying paint made of four ingredients, namely powdered pigment, the solvent (distilled water), the binder, and the additives.
The binder used in tempera paint was egg yolk. This binder is used to hold pigments together to fashion a dry film on the surface.
And it is the key items that unswervingly relate to splatters performance in areas such as glueyness, washability and, fade resistance.
Pigments are stupendously divided powders that are allotted into the splatter to provide color and smacking properties.
Both organic and inorganic colorants give either wet and dry hide on paint. Some give brighter colours while others deliver gloomier earthly and more resilient colours.
Additives such as congealing agents, surfactants, co-solvents, etc.
Enhance the performance of splatter, for example, improving smoothing ad resistance spatter effect.
Some are used as preservatives to preclude the growth of any microorganism.
If you are an artist, you must know the importance of a binder in any given splatter.
All features of a bind a directly proportioned to the nature of the binder used. The high quality of the binder, the brilliance of the artwork.